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Are Ritalin, Adderall, and other similar medications used for treating ADD/ADHD safe, effective, and appropriately used? Is ADD/ADHD over-diagnosed, leading to excessive use and abuse of these powerful medications?

40 Words  1 Pages

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COVID-19 could be one of the largest public health incidents in human history. The last time was the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918, the deadliest in human history, infected an estimated 500 million people worldwide—about one-third of the planet’s population—and killed an estimated 20 million to 50 million victims, including some 675,000 Americans. As of October 5, 2020, more than 35.3 million COVID-19 cases have been reported across 188 countries with more than 1.03 million deaths. In the U.S. more than 7 million people have been infected and more than 200,000 have died. As we go into the winter, tens of thousands of new cases are reported everyday nationwide. The head of emergencies at the World Health Organization just said the agency’s “best estimates” indicate roughly 10% of population worldwide may have already been infected by the coronavirus — more than 20 times the number of confirmed cases — and warned of a difficult period ahead. 

Several years ago, Billionaire Bill Gates predicted coronavirus-like outbreak. He warned that it takes years to find a cure for a new form of virus outbreak. He gave a warning that the world wasn’t prepared for pandemics, which should “concern us all.” Speaking in 2018, Gates said he believed “the world needs to prepare for pandemics in the same serious way it prepares for war.”

Watch the 2015 Ted Talk by Bill Gates “The next outbreak? We’re not ready”. Do a small research, and discuss the following real global health questions in this forum, Gates said “history has taught us there will be another deadly global pandemic” but why we are still so ill-prepared for a pandemic like COVID-19?  How do we exactly "flatten the curve" in the coming cold season? How should we prepare for a possible pandemic in the future?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Af6b_wyiwI

319 Words  1 Pages

1267 Words  4 Pages

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ASSIGNMENT: Using your research question, working thesis, and outline from Touchstone 1.2, create an annotated bibliography that provides a synopsis of your sources and an explanation of how you will use them.

In order to foster learning and growth, all essays you submit must be newly written specifically for this course. Any recycled work will be sent back with a 0, and you will be given one attempt to redo the Touchstone.

As this assignment builds on Touchstone 1.2: Write a Research Question, Thesis, and Outline, that Touchstone, as well as Touchstone 2.1, must be graded before you can submit your annotated bibliography.

Sample Touchstone 2.2
A. Assignment Guidelines
DIRECTIONS: Refer to the list below throughout the writing process. Do not submit your Touchstone until it meets these guidelines.

1. Annotated Bibliography
Make sure to:

❒ Alphabetize the entries, according to APA style.
❒ Include the required bibliographic information in APA format for each entry.
❒ Include 3-4 sentences for each entry that provide a short summary of the source and how you plan to use it to support your argument.
❒ Include at least seven entries in your annotated bibliography, all of which must be credible, academic sources.
❒ Choose your own sources, but use no more than three websites (there is no limit on the number of online journals used).
❒ Thoroughly check the formatting requirements for the different source types.
❒ Indicate the required sources (book, peer-reviewed journal, newspaper/magazine, and credible website) by including the source type in parentheses after the relevant entry.
2. Reflection
❒ Have you displayed a clear understanding of the research activities?
❒ Have you answered all reflection questions thoughtfully and included insights, observations, and/or examples in all responses?
❒ Are your answers included on a separate page below the main assignment?
B. Reflection Questions
DIRECTIONS: Below your assignment, include answers to all of the following reflection questions.

Accurately recording bibliographic information is essential and saves you time, as you can transfer this information to the References page of your drafted essay. Each source entry should include a brief summary of the source as well as 3-4 sentences describing how you intend to use that source to build or support your argument. Discuss how your annotated bibliography meets these criteria. (2-3 sentences)
Which strategies were most helpful for you when searching for credible sources? (2-3 sentences)
What difficulties did you face while searching for credible sources? How did you overcome these difficulties? (2-3 sentences)
C. Rubric
    Advanced (90-100%)    Proficient (80-89%)    Acceptable (70-79%)    Needs Improvement (50-69%)    Non-Performance (0-49%)
Annotated Bibliography
Fulfill all annotated bibliography requirements and include usable notes on sources.
Meets all source criteria, thoroughly and effectively summarizes the core ideas for all sources, and effectively explains how each source will be used to support the argument.    Meets all source criteria, effectively summarizes the core ideas for all sources, and effectively explains how each source will be used to support the argument.    Meets the majority of source criteria, summarizes the core ideas effectively for the majority of the sources (one or two source summaries may lack detail), and explains how the majority of the sources will be used to support the argument (for one or two sources, the explanation of support is unclear).    Meets some source criteria, summarizes the core ideas for some sources (many summaries are absent or lacking in detail), and explains how some of the sources will be used to support the argument (for many of the sources, the explanation of support is unclear or absent).    Meets few or none of the source criteria, summarizes few or none of the sources (or the summaries are all lacking in detail), and does not explain the connection to the argument.
Quality of Sources
Choose reputable, academically appropriate research sources.
All sources are credible, relevant, and properly formatted as exemplified in the course instructions.    Majority of sources are credible, relevant, and properly formatted as exemplified in the course instructions.    Some sources are credible, relevant, and properly formatted as exemplified in the course instructions.    Majority of sources are not credible, relevant, or properly formatted as exemplified in the course instructions.    Sources do not adhere to the quality standards taught in this course, or there are minimal sources present.
Style
Establish a consistent, informative tone and make thoughtful stylistic choices.
Demonstrates thoughtful and effective word choices, avoids redundancy and imprecise language, and uses a wide variety of sentence structures.    Demonstrates effective word choices, primarily avoids redundancy and imprecise language, and uses a variety of sentence structures.    Demonstrates generally effective style choices, but may include occasional redundancies, imprecise language, poor word choice, and/or repetitive sentence structures.    Frequently includes poor word choices, redundancies, imprecise language, and/or repetitive sentence structures.    Consistently demonstrates poor word choices, redundancies, imprecise language, and/or repetitive sentence structures.
Conventions
Follow conventions for standard written English.
There are only a few, if any, negligible errors in grammar, punctuation, spelling, capitalization, formatting, and usage.    There are occasional minor errors in grammar, punctuation, spelling, capitalization, formatting, and usage.    There are some significant errors in grammar, punctuation, spelling, capitalization, formatting, and usage.    There are frequent significant errors in grammar, punctuation, spelling, capitalization, formatting, and usage.    There are consistent significant errors in grammar, punctuation, spelling, capitalization, formatting, and usage.
Reflection
Answer reflection questions thoroughly and thoughtfully.
Demonstrates thoughtful reflection; consistently includes insights, observations, and/or examples in all responses, following or exceeding response length guidelines.    Demonstrates thoughtful reflection; includes multiple insights, observations, and/or examples, following response length guidelines.    Primarily demonstrates thoughtful reflection, but some responses are lacking in detail or insight; primarily follows response length guidelines.    Shows limited reflection; the majority of responses are lacking in detail or insight, with some questions left unanswered or falling short of response length guidelines.    No reflection responses are present.
D. Requirements
The following requirements must be met for your submission to be graded:

Double-space the bibliography entries and use one-inch margins.
Use a readable 12-point font.
All writing must be appropriate for an academic context.
Composition must be original and written for this assignment.
Plagiarism of any kind is strictly prohibited.
Submission must include your name, the name of the course, the date, and the title of your composition.
Submission must include your reflection questions.
Include all of the assignment components in a single file.
Acceptable file formats include .doc and .docx.
Your research question, thesis, and outline must be graded before your annotated bibliography will be accepted.
E. Additional Resources
The following resources will be helpful to you as you work on this assignment:

Purdue Online Writing Lab's APA Formatting and Style Guide
This site includes a comprehensive overview of APA style, as well as individual pages with guidelines for specific citation types.
Frequently Asked Questions About APA Style
This page on the official APA website addresses common questions related to APA formatting. The "References," "Punctuation," and "Grammar and Writing Style" sections will be the most useful to your work in this course.
APA Style: Quick Answers—References
This page on the official APA Style website provides numerous examples of reference list formatting for various source ty

1191 Words  4 Pages

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Examine how to care for patients of abuse/neglect. 

Choose two types of abuse and discuss interventions to provide emotional support and a safe environment to the patient.

38 Words  1 Pages

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Paper Instructions:

  1. Etiology, Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Clinical Manifestations, Work-up, Nonpharmacological, and Pharmacological Management, Education, and Follow-up for a pediatric diagnosis or pediatric care consideration.

    2. (325+ words) Add in second and third-line treatments and additional considerations. Example requirement, only evidence-based sources, such as AAFP, CDC, IDSA, ADA, JNC 8, etc. (textbook resources and internet sites affiliated with medical associations are considered credible sources to obtain the information on the most up to date guidelines).

    Add in the link to the guideline(s)

    REFERENCES (APA 7th ed. formatting, at least 3-4 peer-reviewed scholarly articles, current within the past 5 years.)

    The paper will be checked by Grammarly and Turnitin for plagiarism.
118 Words  1 Pages

Colleague 1
Description of the federal Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act and the Affordable Care Act

The federal Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) that was created in 2008 specifically mandated that parity was required for employers to provide their employees with a broad set of benefit features that not only included coverage for behavioral health services and substance use disorders (SUD), but also equaled medical and surgical benefits as well (Friedman, Xu, Harwood, Azocar, Hurley, & Ettner, 2017). This act required employers to offer packages that included financial requirements such as copayments, quantitative treatment limits that included annual outpatient visits, and non-quantitative limits that were in connection to provider networks and prior authorization (Friedman et al., 2017). 

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) sometimes known as the Patient Protection Affordable Care Act (PPACA) or “Obamacare” is aimed to make healthcare affordable to more individuals and families. This act was signed into law by President Barack Obama in 2010, specifically to do three main things: reform the private insurance market, expand Medicaid to the working poor, and to create changes in how decisions are made medically (Silvers, 2013;Tai & Volkow, 2013). In relation to addiction, the ACA is known as one of the largest expansions that provides coverage for mental health and substance use disorders (Digital Communications Division, 2019). 

Explain how you might respond to the scenario provided utilizing the two acts. 

As her co-worker I would respond by letting her know that she is not alone in this. Due to her current demeanor, she may not remember the incident. Therefore, when she is sober, I would let her know that under the MHPAEA, within our benefit package provided to us by the company, is an insurance plan that delivers us with coverage for medical, behavioral health and substance use disorder expenses (Friedman et al., 2017). I would make sure that she understands that she has the right to use this benefit package to receive the help she needs. 

When referring to the ACA, I would reiterate to my co-worker that this act alone is known for having one of the largest expansion packs that provides coverage for mental health and substance use disorders. The ACA works to create changes within the medical field because prior to this act, obtaining medical care was completely separated when it came to receiving help for behavioral health and substance use. Tai and Volkow (2013) describe how treatment for substance use disorders under the ACA should primarily focus on long-term strategies that are aimed at reducing relapse in individuals who struggle with addiction (p. 166). I would let my co-worker know that under this act she is protected to receive the help she needs, and it will be affordable. 

Identify the rights the employee has in this situation. 

Under the MHPAEA, the employee in the scenario has the right to a benefit package that has been provided to her through the company that will and should cover the cost of the addiction treatment that she has drunkenly requested. According to Friedman et al. (2017) employers are required by law to provide their employees with benefit packages that include coverage for behavioral health services and substance use disorders that are equal to medical coverages or expenses. The employee has the right to use her benefit package to seek treatment for her alcohol addiction. 

As a social worker when working with the client in this scenario, it may be best to use a task-center approach that focuses on solving the problem. In this case, the client would like to seek treatment for her addiction the alcohol. As her social worker, it is evident that the client is aware of her problem and would like help taking the necessary steps to change. The social worker should refer her to a rehabilitation facility where she could get treatment for her alcohol addiction. It would be important for the client and social worker to interact regularly to ensure that the client is making the necessary changes to be successful in overcoming her addiction.  

Explain how the laws you discuss protect the employee who violated the company’s policy on drunkenness. 

Though the employee’s behavior was inappropriate for the work setting, under these laws she cannot be terminated from her job. The reasoning behind her intoxication within the work setting could be due to something she is facing that is affecting her mentally, emotionally, and physically. She outwardly stated that she is addicted to alcohol and needs treatment. I am pretty sure that it is found to be unethical to terminate an employee who confessed having a substance abuse disorder, especially if the company benefits include coverage for behavioral health and substance abuse. 

Explain why such laws might be important.

These laws are important because many people suffer with behavioral health issues and addictions because they are unable to afford the treatment. Laws such as the MHPAEA allow there to be coverage within the company’s benefit package that includes coverage for behavioral health and substance abuse disorders. Whereas, the ACA ensures that individuals and families can afford the coverage. The main reason why people deny help or are unable to receive the necessary help is due to the cost of it, but these laws make them easily accessible and affordable. 

References

Digital Communications Division (2019). Does the Affordable Care Act cover individuals with mental health problems? Retrieved from https://www.hhs.gov/answers/affordable-care-act/does-the-aca-cover-individuals-with-mental-health-problems/index.html

Friedman, S., Xu, H., Harwood, J. M., Azocar, F., Hurley, B., & Ettner, S. L. (2017). The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act evaluation study: Impact on specialty behavioral healthcare utilization and spending among enrollees with substance use disorders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 80, 67–78. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2017.06.006

Silvers J. B. (2013). The Affordable Care Act: objectives and likely results in an imperfect world. Annals of family medicine, 11(5), 402–405. https://doi.org/10.1370/afm.1567

Tai, B., & Volkow, N. (2013). Treatment for Substance Use Disorder: Opportunities and Challenges under the Affordable Care Act. Social Work in Public Health, 28(3/4), 165–174. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1080/19371918.2013.758975




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Colleague 2

RE: Week 2 Discussion 1
COLLAPSE
Post a brief description of the federal Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act and one other act you chose for this discussion as it relates to addictions.

The Federal Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 1966 provided that large group health plans cannot impose annual or lifetime dollar limits on mental health benefits that are less favorable than any such limits imposed on medical/surgical benefits (CMS, 2020). The Affordable Care Act (ACA) became law in March 2010. The ACA provides greater access to substance use disorder treatment though major coverage expansions, regulatory changes requiring coverage of substance use disorder treatment in existing insurance plans, and requirements for substance use disorder treatments to be offered on par with medical and surgical procedures (Abraham, Andrews, Grogan, D’Aunna, Humphreys, Pollarck & Friedmann, 2017).

Explain how you might respond to the scenario provided utilizing the two acts. 

I would respond inquiring through the benefits department about the two acts. Most agencies have numbers that someone can call when individuals need help or counseling. I would call this number and give this information to the counselor on the phone. I know that is it difficult to speak to an intoxicated individual. When the coworker sobers up, I would tell them both of these acts that could help him better himself.

Identify the rights the employee has in this situation.

As an employee, the individual is entitled to the same rights as anyone with a medial or psychological condition, meaning that individual is entitled to support from the employer, time off for counseling and rehab, and complete confidentiality (Cassiobury Court, 2020). The employee may obtain a disciplinary depending on the contract that they signed when they were hired. This may be forgiven if they get the help that is needed.

Explain how the laws you discuss protect the employee who violated the company’s policy on drunkenness.

These laws I discussed don’t protect the employee who violated the company’s policy on drunkenness. When the employee got the job, the rules and regulations were known and probably signed by the employee. The two acts that I chose won’t protect the employee from a discharge. These acts only state that the insurance agencies or employer can’t discriminate against these individuals.

Explain why such laws might be important.

The laws that I chose are important. These acts ensure that the employee is offered the same care as a person with medical issues. There are some employers that may not want to help people that have addictions but under these acts, they can get the help that is needed.





The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) (2020). Retrieved from: https://www.cms.gov/CCIIO/Programs-and-Initiatives/Other-Insurance-Protections/mhpaea_factsheet

Abraham, A. J., Andrews, C. M., Grogan, C. M., D'Aunno, T., Humphreys, K. N., Pollack, H. A., & Friedmann, P. D. (2017). The Affordable Care Act Transformation of Substance Use Disorder Treatment. American journal of public health, 107(1), 31–32. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303558

Employment Rights for Someone With An Addiction (2020). Retrieved from: https://cassioburycourt.com/2019/05/employment-rights-for-someone-with-an-addiction/


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1538 Words  5 Pages

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Paper Instructions:

Select an ethnic minority group that is represented in the United States (American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian American, Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander). Using health information available from Healthy People, the CDC, and other relevant government websites, analyze the health status for this group. Ethnic minority group chosen: American Indian In a paper of 1100 words (cover page, headers, and reference not included), compare and contrast the health status of your selected minority group (American Indian) to the national average. 

Include the following: 
1. Describe the ethnic minority group selected (Asian American). Describe the current health status of this group. How do race and ethnicity influence health for this group? 
2. What are the health disparities that exist for this group? What are the nutritional challenges for this group?
3. Discuss the barriers to health for this group resulting from culture, socioeconomics, education, and sociopolitical factors.
4. What health promotion activities are often practiced by this group? 
5. Describe at least one approach using the three levels of health promotion prevention (primary, secondary, and tertiary) that is likely to be the most effective in a care plan given the unique needs of the minority group you have selected. Provide an explanation of why it might be the most effective choice. 
6. What cultural beliefs or practices must be considered when creating a care plan? What cultural theory or model would be best to support culturally competent health promotion for this population? Why? 

Include the headers: 
1. Introduction 
2. Asian American Health 
3. Health Disparities 
4. Barriers to Health 
5. Health Promotion activities 
6. Health Promotion Prevention 
7. Cultural Beliefs and Practices 
8. Conclusion 

Cite at least three peer-reviewed or scholarly sources to complete this assignment. Sources should be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and public health content. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is not required.

335 Words  1 Pages

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Paper Instructions:

Other than healthcare access, what are some of the most important health care issues confronting underserved communities? How would you address them?

33 Words  1 Pages

Questions and Topics We Can Help You To Answer:
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Every person has a story that has led them to a career. Since there are a variety of health professions that help others, please go beyond your initial interaction or experience with physical therapy, and share the deeper story that has confirmed your decision to specifically pursue physical therapy

60 Words  1 Pages

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Reflect upon emerging knowledge of and best practices within genetics and genomics. Review the Essential Genetic and Genomic Competencies for Nurses with Graduate Degrees (American Nurses Association, 2011). Consider how the MSN-prepared nurse can support these efforts and respond to the following.
•    Describe a case scenario involving an individual with genetic disease. In your scenario, discuss how the disease impacts the individual's health within the context of the health continuum.
•    Identify one professional practice competency and one professional responsibility competency from the Essential Genetic and Genomic Competencies for Nurses with Graduate Degrees. Explain how each of the two selected competencies can support person-centered care in this scenario.
•    Equipped with the competencies noted, how might the MSN-prepared nurse facilitate health promotion and disease management for this case scenario?
•    In what ways might the pathophysiological, pharmacological, and nutritional aspects of this case influence health promotion?

158 Words  1 Pages

Questions and Topics We Can Help You To Answer:
Paper Instructions:

Reflect upon emerging knowledge of and best practices within genetics and genomics. Review the Essential Genetic and Genomic Competencies for Nurses with Graduate Degrees (American Nurses Association, 2011). Consider how the MSN-prepared nurse can support these efforts and respond to the following.
•    Describe a case scenario involving an individual with genetic disease. In your scenario, discuss how the disease impacts the individual's health within the context of the health continuum.
•    Identify one professional practice competency and one professional responsibility competency from the Essential Genetic and Genomic Competencies for Nurses with Graduate Degrees. Explain how each of the two selected competencies can support person-centered care in this scenario.
•    Equipped with the competencies noted, how might the MSN-prepared nurse facilitate health promotion and disease management for this case scenario?
•    In what ways might the pathophysiological, pharmacological, and nutritional aspects of this case influence health promotion?

158 Words  1 Pages

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Describe the factors that contribute to muscle hypertrophy. When designing a training program to optimize muscle hypertrophy, what steps can you take to make sure that each factor is accounted for?

42 Words  1 Pages

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